This question may not have occurred to many of us but we have all grown up with either an incremental or entity theory of learning. According to psychologist Dweck (who coined theses terms) these two styles are different because one focuses on the belief that we all have innate qualities and aptitudes towards certain tasks and the other focuses on the belief that we can all gain higher skills through dedicated practice. According to many cultural psychologists there are cultural differences in the way we instruct children and the ways we promote their learning. To read more on one particular study looking at the difference between parents own learning styles and the styles they instil on their children please follow this link.
This diagram compares the difference between the FIXED and the GROWTH mind-sets.